Description of theme for the Pioneer center initiative: Climate/Energy
The ambition behind the Pioneer Center initiative is to establish excellent research units that carry out fundamental research aimed at providing transformative solutions to major societal challenges.
Our greatest societal challenge is probably that of solving the current impact of energy consumption on the global climate with all the ramifications that has.
Under the Paris Agreement, the world’s countries are committed to cut climate-warming carbon emissions significantly in order to meet the 1.5°C Paris Agreement goal.
The decarbonization challenges are closely connected to all research areas related to the green transition; these include the production, storage and supply of renewable energy and reuse of materials, economic incentives, regulatory instruments, technology push, and human behavior.
Examples of research fields that will be of importance to meet the current goals for carbon emissions:
- Energy storage and transmission
- New battery and catalysis technologies
- Synthetic fuels and chemicals
- Artificial photosynthesis
- Functional materials with relevance for energy storage and transmission
- Carbon capture, transportation and storage
- Reducing the rate of climate change by controlled biological processes
- Sustainable energy production
- Wind turbines, solar cells, alternative energy production methods
- Nuclear power, associated safety and responsible waste handling
- Biofuels and turning waste into fuels
- Functional materials with relevance for energy production
- Efficient conversion of alternatively produced energy into electricity
- Energy systems
- Energy supply, planning, infrastructure, migration and mobility, data management
- Smart grids
- Energy market models
- IT based solutions for optimizing energy systems
- Innovation and optimization of energy storage and conversion capacity of systems based on water
- Energy and society
- Mediation of green transition by regulatory instruments and economic incentives
- Sustainable cities, smart cities
- Optimizing energy use in food production and industry
Examples of research fields that will be of importance to understand and counteract human-induced climate change:
- Climate in the Arctic and in the oceans
- Effect of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystems
- Predictions of local and global climate in the light of current and future carbon emissions, including the effect of global feedback mechanisms on the world’s climate